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Our panels perfectly mimic the look and texture of authentic stone - and have names which describe the different construction styles they are molded from. But what do these different descriptions mean? Here's a quick guide.
Fieldstone, Ledgestone, Drystack - What do they all mean?
The secret to why our panels look so vividly realistic is that they're molded directly from the real thing; using an innovative process that perfectly captures every nook, cranny and crevice of the stonework to perfectly recreate them in tough and durable polyurethane foam.
The descriptions we use for each of our product lines describes the style of stonework they're molded from - and if you're wondering what those words actually mean, here are some more details:
- Stonewall: Stonewall panels are molded from walls made using solid stone bricks. These were originally hand-hewn from limestone or granite, and today are cut using powerful saws. While Stonewall has a general conformity to the size and shape of the bricks being used, the design is characterized by minor imperfections that are perfectly captured in the molding process.
- Stacked Stone: Stacked stone walls use a building technique that dates back thousands of years. Brittle types of stone, like slate, break into naturally rectangular "bricks" which makes them ideal for building walls out of; and our molding process captures the deeply textured and imperfect symmetry that characterizes this type of walling.
- Dry Stack: Similar to stacked stone, dry stack walls are built using stone that splinters into naturally symmetrical "bricks" that can be piled on top of each other to make walls. The difference is that dry stacked walls are made without using any type of cement or mortar; which adds a unique look to them. Despite the lack of mortar, dry stack walls can stand for centuries; and in England, Wales and other parts of the world, fences and walls made using this technique are still standing a thousand years after originally being built.
- Fieldstone: Fieldstone walls are made using randomly-sized rocks and stones recovered from fields and farmland - hence the name! Very popular in agricultural areas, many historic homes and walls were built using stones dug up during the ploughing of farmland, prior to the planting of crops, and as a result many people like the look of this walling style because it adds a rural, historical element to their designs.
- Random Rock: A style of construction very popular during the medieval period, random rock walls are made using hand-hewn bricks of different sizes; resulting in a unique and asymmetrical appearance given conformity by the style of bricks used, all featuring similar chisel marks and chips that were made when shaping the differently-sized bricks.
- River Rock: River rock walls are similar to fieldstone, in that they're traditionally made from found, rather than manufactured, rocks and stones. With river rock, these are normally stones taken from the banks of rivers and lakes; which are naturally round and smooth thanks to centuries of erosion. This gives river rock walls a unique appearance traditionally associated with rural regions.
- Cut Granite: One of the sturdiest stones known to man, granite has been a favored building material for centuries. Cut granite walls are made from hand-hewn or machine-cut granite "bricks" of different sizes; for a seamless, but asymmetrical appearance that is traditionally associated with castles and fortifications. Aside from the cost and impracticality of using authentic granite, one reason our cut granite products are great alternatives to the real thing is that authentic granite has recently been linked to radon gas exposure, which could potentially cause cancer.
- Cobblestone: A uniquely stylish type of construction, cobblestone walls are made using "cob" or found stones and bricks, bonded together with sand or mortar. As a result, cobblestone walls are vividly asymmetrical, and are traditionally associated with medieval or colonial building styles, as cobblestone was largely replaced with the use of cut granite during the 19th century.
- Handcut block: A construction style that has been used for thousands of years - to build everything from Windsor Castle to the Pyramids - handcut block walls are made using immense bricks hand-hewn from sandstone or granite. These enormous bricks weigh immense amounts, and are often stacked on top of each other without cement or mortar because their sheer weight helps make them sturdy and secure.
- Castle Rock: Similar to handcut blocks, castle rock walls are made using hand-hewn bricks. These are normally smaller and more manageable than handcut blocks, to enable easier transport of the bricks (which was important because castles were often built in impractical, but strategically placed locations.)
- Ledgestone: Similar to Dry Stack, ledgestone walls are made using bricks broken into roughly symmetrical bricks, usually hacked off cliff faces or overhanging ledges. These bricks were often stacked on top of each other without cement or mortar. Ledgestone is a style of construction used extensively by Native Americans; who would choose beautifully colored local stone and rock to build walls and buildings, often in locations close to the ledges or cliffs where the stones were sourced.
- Coral stone: Coral are tiny, spineless polyps that live in the ocean. They construct towering reefs of skeletal material, that is often used as building material by sea-front communities in East Africa and the Caribbean. Coral stone walls are made using bricks hewn from this material; and are instantly associated with warm beaches, sunlight and abundance. In addition to being cheaper and more practical than using real coral stone, choosing to "go faux" is a smart environmental choice; as coral reefs are ecologically important, and often endangered by pollution and man's interference.
- Cast stone: Cast stone is actually a type of brick, originally made by entrepreneurial builders using plaster, sand and other materials. Molded to look like real stone, the advantage of this building style was cost, ease-of-construction and the ability to make stylish, but symmetrical bricks. Our cast stone products follow the same technique, and are made out of cement molded to look like real stone.